Comparison Of T-316 and T-316L Stainless
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Qualities of Type 316 Stainless Steel
T-316 stainless steel is an austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel that contains between two and three percent molybdenum. The molybdenum content increases corrosion resistance, improves resistance to pitting in chloride ion solutions and increases strength at high temperatures.
T-316 stainless steel is particularly effective in acidic environments. This grade of steel is effective in protecting against corrosion caused by sulfuric, hydrochloric, acetic, formic and tartaric acids, as well as acid sulfates and alkaline chlorides.
Popular Uses of Type 316 Stainless Steel
Common uses for T-316 stainless steel include in the manufacture of Woven Wire Cloth, Furnace Parts, Heat Exchangers, Jet Engine Parts, Pharmaceutical Equipment, Pump and Valve Parts, Chemical Processing Equipment, Pulp. Paper and Textile Processing Equipment, Parts and Components exposed to marine (or salt air) environments.
Qualities of Type 316L Stainless Steel
T-316L stainless steel is a reduced carbon version of T-316 steel alloy. The reduced carbon content in 316L minimizes deleterious carbide precipitation as a result of welding. Consequently, 316L is used when welding is required in order to ensure maximum corrosion resistance.
Physical Properties of Type 316 and Type 316L Stainless Steels
  Density: 0.799g/cm3
  Electrical resistivity: 74 microhm-cm (20C)
  Specific Heat: 0.50 kJ/kg-K (0-100C)
  Thermal conductivity: 16.2 W/m-k (100C)
  Modulus of Elasticity (MPa): 193 x 103 in tension
  Melting Range: 2500-2550F (1371-1399C)
Element Type 316 (%) Type 316L (%)
Carbon 0.08 max. 0.03 max.
Manganese 2.00 max. 2.00 max.
Phosphorus 0.045 max. 0.045 max.
Sulfur 0.03 max. 0.03 max.
Silicon 0.75 max. 0.75 max.
Chromium 16.00-18.00 16.00-18.00
Nickel 10.00-14.00 10.00-14.00
Molybdenum 2.00-3.00 2.00-3.00
Nitrogen 0.10 max. 0.10 max.
Iron Balance Balance
[Technical Reference Index]     [Woven Wire Main Index]     [Wire Cloth Products]
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Last modified: June 02, 2017