Wire Cloth Technical Reference Index
800.440.6374    Phone 360.835.7507    sales@wovenwire.com                   
This page provides links to several documents containing technical reference information on the subject of screening, woven wire cloth, woven wire mesh, wire weaving, North American European, Asian and International weaving standards, materials utilized for weaving, styles, types and methods of weaving and synthetic screening surfaces.
  The Complete Wire Cloth Glossary of Terms
  A comprehensive glossary of wire cloth, wire mesh, screening and weaving terms. 
  This section also available in printable pages.
Specification Selection Guide
   A wire mesh specification is a precise set of dimensional instructions that identifies the component's by name, the wire description provided as dimensional, (wire diameter) the basic type of material with each type having unique chemical and physical characteristics consists of wires arranged in either a square pattern or a rectangular pattern, which are physically held in position by the weave structure, specifically the indentations (crimps) at each intersection of the particular weave style. 
Mesh Comparison 'Look Up' Tables
  Mesh Count Cross Reference
Screen Opening  Mesh Locator
  Popular mesh specifications organized by screen opening in descending order from large (0.446") to small (0.0010").
  Printable Mesh Locator Tables
Table-1 Table-2 Table-3 Table-4 Table-5 Table-6

Popular Applications
  EMI Electromagnetic Iinterference
  Electromagnetic interference is a disturbance that affects an electrical circuit due to either electromagnetic induction or electromagnetic radiation emitted from an external source. The disturbance may obstruct, degrade or reduce the effective performance of the circuit.
  RFI/EMI Screen Room Shielding
  A Faraday cage (or shield) is an enclosure formed by a woven wire mesh of conducting material. Such an enclosure blocks out external static electric fields. Faraday cages are named after Michael Faraday, the inventor.
  Municipal Water Storage Tank Ventilation
  Above ground storage tanks must be ventilated to allow inward and outward air flow to compensate for the discharge and intake of water according to the supply demands as required by the municipal consumption of water. The screens must allow substantial air flow to prevent storage tank cavitations. Another important function of water tank vent screens is to prevent entry of insects and air borne debris into the drinking water supply.
  National Park Service - Rodent Exclusion

Wildlife Damage Management Rodent Exclusion Techniques: A Training Guide for National Park Service Employees

  No See Ums, Small Opening Insect Screen
  Bite prevention is the preferred way of dealing with these pests. Your home or business can be protected with a special screening which is available to exclude these fliesMost biting midges can pass through a 18 x 16 or 16 x 16 mesh insect screen, so a smaller opening  size (higher mesh count) is required to prevent entry.
  Termite Barrier Screening System
  Stainless steel woven wire mesh is a safe long term solution for the prevention of Subterranean Termite and  Insect entry.  The screen provides a physical barrier the insects can not fit through, without containing any chemicals or toxic substances.
  Wire Cloth Product Applications


Flow Rate Data - Particle Retention
  Tables provide micronic retention standards, wire cloth screen thickness, weights and flow rate comparison data for water, oil, fuel and air.
  PDW Filter Cloth Flow Rate Data
  TDW Filter Cloth Flow Rate Data

Regenerative Particulate Filter Development

  NASA CR 115505, May 1972 PDF Document
  Micronic Filter Specifications

Screening - Sifting - Sizing - Sorting

  Standard Sieve Series for Woven Wire Cloth
  Standard designations correspond to the values for test sieve apertures as recommended by the International Standards Organization (ISO)
  NIST / ASTM Sieve Screen Tolerances
  Specifications of permissible working (manufacturing) tolerances that apply to Woven Wire Sieve Screens (Standard Sieve Series)  adopted by U.S. Bureau of Standards & American Society for Testing Materials.     
  The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), known between 1901 and 1988 as the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), is a measurement standards laboratory which is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce
Vibrating Decks, Shaker Screens
  Vibrating Screen Installation & Maintenance
  Valuable tips to reduce operating costs by maximizing screen life.
  Vibrating Screen Square Opening Specifications
  Screen Openings suitable for dry screening applications.
  Vibrating Screen Slotted Opening Specifications
  Screening Tables for dry and wet screening applications.
Screen Opening  Mesh Locator
  Popular mesh specifications organized by screen opening in descending order from large (0.446") to small (0.0010").
  Printable Mesh Locator Tables
Table-1 Table-2 Table-3 Table-4 Table-5 Table-6
  Particle Size / Screen Mesh Comparison Table

  Screen Edge Hemming
  Hems are commonly used to re-enforce the edges of wire mesh, hide imperfections and provide a safer (smother) edge to handle.
  Screen Edge Treatments and Hook Strips
  Screens for classifying, sizing, straining, sieving, are typically secured by clamping rails that apply tension across the screening surface.
  Screen Specification Selection Tips
  Assistance with selection of woven wire cloth screen specifications.
Square Mesh
  Square Mesh is woven in the same Mesh Count (number of wires per linear inch or millimeters) running in both directions. Warp is the length of the roll, Weft is the width across the roll.
  Wire Cloth specifications always refer to the Warp Mesh Count first, followed by the Weft mesh count second
Square Mesh Tables
  The Square mesh tables list a standard meshes ranging from 2 mesh through and including  100.  The tables provide the complete range of wire diameters suitable for weaving each mesh count indicated.
  Many of these specifications are not considered as standard due to the limited popularity and are not produced although all the mesh count/wire diameter combinations are possible to weave and therefore are available by special (custom weave) order.
Square Mesh Stock Specifications
  This table lists all the popular stocked specifications and provides detailed at-a-glance information for each Mesh Count/Wire Diameter combination, the Industry Product Classification (Group) for each specification is identified and hyperlinked to the Product Group Page in addition to hyperlinked Product Data Sheets.
Woven Wire Product Specifications
  Screen Technology Group, Inc. (STG) has developed a universally recognizable system of Woven Wire Product Specifications that any person having only the most basic understanding of the wire weaving industry and woven wire products can easily interpret and cross reference with their own method of woven wire specifications and/or part numbering systems.
  Unfortunately several manufacturers (wire weavers) companies engaged in marketing and distribution of Woven Wire Products have developed their own system of specifying the products and the part numbers utilized to represent their products in a unique fashion in order to suggest exclusivity and thus limit fair competition by competitors who produce identical products.
Guide to Understanding 'Woven Wire Product Specifications'
   The word specification is defined as "to state explicitly or in detail" or "to be specific".
  To simplify the data storage and allow quick accessibility to the vast quantity of Specifications, many of the specifications have been sorted into Product Groups by relevance, basic characteristics, or the type of applications they may be best suited for.       
  Each type (or class) of Specification Group is accessible from the Woven Wire Cloth Products page. Each product specification group is provided with a brief description of the group and a link that will deliver you to the Product Specification Group page
  Screen Technology Group has published over 1,200 catalog products, all of which are well described in precise all inclusive technical details, among our extensive library of 28 Primary Product Specification Groups. These groups are all accessible from our Wire Cloth Products page.
  Vibrating Screen Installation & Maintenance
  Valuable tips to reduce operating costs by maximizing screen life.
  Vibrating Screen Square Opening Specifications
  Screen Openings suitable for dry screening applications.
  Vibrating Screen Slotted Opening Specifications
  Screening Tables for dry and wet screening applications.
Weaving Materials
  Descriptions, Material Quality Standards, and Technical Information
  International Weaving Wire Standards
  US Wire For Weaving and Woven Wire Standards
  Popular Weaving Materials
  The materials commonly utilized in wire cloth weaving are identified.
  Corrosion Resistance of Various Weaving Materials
  Basic corrosion resistance of materials utilized in wire cloth weaving.
  Corrosion Data-Stainless Steel
  Table provides detailed comparisons of the commonly utilized grades of stainless steel against chemicals and substances ranging from A thru Z.
  Galvanic Corrosion Table
  The Galvanic Table lists metals in the order of their relative activity in seawater environment.  Information derived from  MIL-STD-889
  MILL-STD-8898-PDF  Military Standard Dissimilar Metals
  This standard defines and classifies dissimilar metals, and establishes requirements for protecting coupled dissimilar  metals, with attention directed to the anodic member of the couple, against corrosion.
  Melting Temperatures of Various Metals
  Celsius and Fahrenheit Temperatures are indicated, Metals are listed alphabetically.
  Physical Properties of Weaving Wire
  Table provides hard drawn and annealed tensile strengths of weaving wire.
  Wire Diameters
  Gauge sizes are indicated as whole numbers, the reference tables give the decimal equivalents of the different gauge numbers utilized in wire cloth weaving. 
  Weights of Various  Materials
  Conversion factors provided to determine the approximate weight of wire cloth woven of various materials. Based on the weight of Stainless Steel wire cloth.
ASTM A740 - 98(2014
Standard Specification for Hardware Cloth
Woven or Welded Galvanized Steel Wire Fabric
  This specification covers woven or welded galvanized steel wire fabric commercially known as hardware cloth. It is customarily used for window and screen door guards, tree guards, industrial machine guards, sand screens, and grain bins. It serves as a protective screen against rodents and is used for many other home, farm, and industrial purposes. The base metal of hardware cloth shall be of good commercial quality carbon steel wire. The zinc use in the galvanizing process shall be any grade of zinc. Hardware cloth shall be of wire woven or welded into squares or rectangles and then galvanized by the hot-dip process. The mesh size in inches shall be determined by counting the meshes for any interval of one continuous linear foot, in the direction of either the warp or filler wires, and finding the mesh size. All wire diameter designations in this specification for hardware cloth are finished sizes after galvanizing. Wire diameter for calculating purposes shall be the average measured diameters, after stripping, of at least five warp and an equal number of filler wires.
  ASTM A123 / A123M

Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized)

Coatings on Iron and Steel Products
  This specification covers the standard requirements for hot-dip galvanized zinc coatings on iron and steel products made from rolled pressed and forged shapes, castings, plates, bars, and strips. This specification deals with both un-fabricated products and fabricated products, for example, assembled steel products, structural steel fabrications, large tubes already bent or welded before galvanizing, and wire work fabricated from uncoated steel wire. Also covered here are steel forgings and iron castings incorporated into pieces fabricated before galvanizing or those too large to be centrifuged (or otherwise handled to remove excess galvanizing bath metal).
  ASTM B134 / B134M Standard Specification for Brass Wire
  This specification establishes the requirements for round, hexagonal, octagonal, rectangular and square brass wire of UNS Alloy Nos. C21000, C22000, C22600, C23000, C23400, C24000, C26000, C27000, and C27400. The chemical composition, temper, annealed wire grain size, Rockwell hardness, and tensile strength requirements are detailed.
Specifically About Brass
  About Brass
Specifically About Copper
  About Copper
Specifically Stainless Steel
  Stainless Steel Reference Guide

Weaving and Wire Product Standards

Standards, Styles and Types

  Miscellaneous International Wire Standards
  Information provided on this page was provided by Chinese sources such as International Trade Organizations, Trade Publications and the International Public Domain. This information may conflict with Governing US and European Standards. Certain portions shown below could be inaccurate misinterpretations as they were interpreted from Chinese text.
  European Wire & Wire Product Weaving Standards

Formula Index
  Formulas for computing Woven Wire Mesh Count, Size of Opening and Open Area.

  Roll Width Tolerance
  Screen Camber and Bow
  If unbalanced warp tensions exist in a woven wire screen, that screen will usually assume a "crescent" or "banana" shape when laid flat upon a horizontal surface.  This deviation from a straight line is hereby defined as "camber."
  Space Cloth Opening Tolerances
  Allowable deviation of space cloth openings.
  Woven Wire Mesh Count Tolerance
  The allowable deviations in the mesh count shall be applied separately for warp and shute (weft) directions.
  Wire Diameter Tolerances
  ASTM Allowable deviation from nominal Carbon and Stainless Steel wire diameters.
  Wire Mesh Opening Tolerance
  Formulas provided to calculate Mesh Opening Tolerances were derived from ASTM E2016-15   Table 7  - Tolerance in Mesh Count

Allowable Tolerances For Woven Wire Mesh and Wire Cloth -Printable


Woven Wire Product Standards.
  European and Asian Wire and Woven Wire Product Standards
  Predominately utilized for wire cloth intended for use in European and Asian Countries.
  Federal Specification Wire Fabric, Industrial
  NAICS Codes
  For both woven wire and wire mesh products.
  North American Weaving Wire and Woven Wire Product Standards
  These standards are commonly adhered to by wire weavers throughout North America in addition to European and Asian weavers who produce wire cloth for products marketed or utilized within the Northern Hemisphere.
  US Wire Cloth Standards
  List of the current North American weaving standards, including some brief background history and their continuing evolution.

The Weaving Process
Methods, Looms and Tooling
  Weave Styles
  Wire cloth weaves in both common and pre-crimped are defined and illustrated.
  Wheel Crimper Tooling
  Crimping Wheels are the most precise and economical method for producing pre-crimped wires.
  Punch Crimper Tooling
  This Section is Currently Under Construction

Synthetic Screening
  Polyurethane Screening Systems
  A comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of Tension Mats and Modular Screening Systems.
  Polyurethane & Rubber Screening Glossary of Terms
  A complete glossary of terms pertaining to synthetic screens.

Research Links

Wire Standards and Trade Associations
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Last modified: February 22, 2018